Sprouts Game

All possible ways a game of “Sprouts” with two initial dots can evolve. Sprouts is a paper-and-pencil game that can be enjoyed simply by both adults and children.

sprout game

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Equable Triangles

There are only five integer-sided triangles whose area is numerically equal to its perimeter:
(5, 12, 13), (6, 8, 10), (6, 25, 29), (7, 15, 20), and (9, 10, 17)
As you can see from the picture, only 2 of them are right triangles.

equable triangles

Infinite Pythagorean Triplets

Consider the following simple progression of whole and fractional numbers (with odd denominators):
1 1/3, 2 2/5, 3 3/7, 4 4/9, 5 5/11, 6 6/13, 7 7/15, 8 8/17, 9 9/19, …
Any term of this progression can produce a Pythagorean triplet, for instance:
4 4/9 = 40/9; the numbers 40 and 9 are the sides of a right triangle, and the hypotenuse is one greater than the largest side (40 + 1 = 41).

Pythagorean triplet