Parshvanath Jain Temple in Khajuraho, India, boasts a remarkable most-perfect magic square. It contains numbers 1 to *n*^{2} and has two extraordinary properties: all 2×2 subsquares sum to 2*s*, where *s* = *n*^{2} + 1, and diagonal pairs separated by *n*/2 sum to *s*.

## The Puzzling Ramanujan’s Magic Square

As you maybe know, a magic square is a square divided into smaller squares each containing a number, such that the figures in each vertical, horizontal, and diagonal row add up to the same value.

In this particular magic square by Ramanujan, fields of the same color add up to 139. The first row – highlighted in the bottom-right magic square – shows his date of birth.

## IXOHOXI Magic Square

The neat magic square featured on this stamp was created by Brazilian mathematician Inder Taneja. This square, called IXOHOXI magic square, not only shows common properties like other magic squares, as well as being pandiagonal, but also include extra properties such as symmetries, rotations and reflections.

## Magic Inscribed Lotus

Indian mathematician Nārāyaṇa (1356) is the originator of the “Inscribed Lotus” (*Padma Vrtta*, a magic diagram constructed with the numbers of the 12×4 magic rectangle), in which every group of 12 numbers has the same sum **294**.

## Smallest Prime Number Magic Square

American mathematician Harry L. Nelson won the challenge to produce a 3 × 3 magic square containing the smallest consecutive primes: