Indian mathematician Nārāyaṇa (1356) is the originator of the “Inscribed Lotus” (Padma Vrtta, a magic diagram constructed with the numbers of the 12×4 magic rectangle), in which every group of 12 numbers has the same sum 294.
A strange right-triangle involving the unit imaginary number i
The infamous problem of representing numbers with four 4’s appeared for the first time in 1881 in a London science journal. In 2001, a team of mathematicians from Harvey Mudd College found that we can even get four 4’s to approximate four notable constants: the number e, π, acceleration of gravity, and Avogadro’s number.
Maths à la De Funès…
For years, mathematicians have worked to demonstrate that x3+y3+z3 = k, where k is defined as the numbers from 1 to 100. This theory is true in all cases except for an unproven exception: 42.
By 2016 and over a million hours of computation later, researchers of the UK’s Advanced Computing Research Center had its solution for 42.
More intriguing number facts here.
3,139,971,973,786,634,711,391,448,651,577,269,485,891,759,419,122,938,744,591,877,656,925,789,747,974,914,319,422,889,611,373,939,731 produces reversible primes in each row, column and diagonal when distributed in a 10×10 square.
Diagram by HT Jens Kruse Andersen.
Summation of Alternating Inverse Powers of Phi…
A “Kepler triangle” is a right triangle having edge lengths in a geometric progression, in which the common ratio is √ϕ, where ϕ represents the golden ratio.
Well, let’s construct a square with side length √ϕ that inscribes a Kepler triangle, that is, a right triangle with edges 1 : √ϕ : ϕ (or approximately 1 : 1.272 : 1.618), as shown in the picture. Draw then the circumcircle of the Kepler triangle (highlighted in orange in the picture) whose diameter is the hypotenuse of the triangle.
Then, the perimeters of the square (4√ϕ≈5.0884) and the circle (πϕ≈5.083) coincide up to an error less than 0.1%. From this, we can get the approximation coincidence π≈4/√ϕ
The sum of the squares of consecutive Fibonacci numbers is another Fibonacci number.