The Origin of Modern Alphabets

The Phoenician alphabet is a writing system exclusively representing consonants, requiring readers to infer vowel sounds. Beginning in the ninth century BC, adaptations of this alphabet thrived, including Greek, Old Italic, and Anatolian scripts. Its appealing feature was its phonetic nature, with each sound (including vowels) represented by a single symbol, simplifying learning to only a few dozen symbols.

The Phoenician alphabet is an abjad writing system.